Cancer, this medical ailment is bad enough to scare anyone. In a long list of cancers evident in human body, lung cancer is among the top causes of deaths in the US for both men and women claims one of the popular medical journals on cancer in the country. The other terms for lung cancer include pulmonary carcinoma or carcinoma of the lung. A lung cancer is a malignant lung tumour, which are attributed as an uncontrolled cell growth inside the tissues of the lung. If it in case it is left untreated, the growth of the same can spread beyond this lung by the process known as metastasis over the nearby tissue or any other parts of the body. A majority of cancer forms are seen spreading with lung as the basic lung cancers, which originates from epithelial cells. Now, let’s dig in deep to find the crux of the same as under:
Types of Lung Cancer
When it comes to lung cancer, you can find three different types in it. Understanding the kind you have is really vital since it can hamper your treatment options along with the outlook of prognosis of the same. If you are not very much sure about the kind of lung cancer you have, you need to consult a doctor so that you can find the right info about the same. Now, let’s find out the types of lung cancer as under:
1) Non Small Cell Lung Cancer
This is among the common types of lung cancer. Around 85 percent of the lung cancers are found as non small cell lung cancers. The squamous cell carcinoma, large cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma are the further sub types of the non small cell lung cancer.
2) Small Cell Lung Cancer
The small cell lung cancer can be known as an oat cell cancer. As per reports, 10 to 15 percent of lung cancers fall under small cell lung cancers. This kind of lung cancer simply tends to spread with great speed.
3) Lung Carcinoid Tumour
These are found in rare cases as only 5 percent of the lung cancer fall under this type or category of lung carcinoid tumours. These are also at times known as lung neuroendocrine tumours. A majority of these tumours are seen growing and even rarely found spreading as well.
Lung Cancer – Treatment and Care
When it comes to lung cancer treatment, the following are some of the common options adopted for the same. Let’s check them out:
- Chemotherapy: This treatment option is often used in association with certain medication or other options like surgery. When certain cancer cells are unable to get rid from the patient’s body then with the help of this therapy the cells are removed. It is one of the best options to treat the small cell lung cancer. It can help in controlling and growing up the cancer and its growth, however, it can cure the lung cancers only in a small number of people. These are only used to treat cancers with advance stages of non small cell lung cancers.
- Radiation: This treatment option employs high energy X rays in order to get rid or kill the cancer cells along with restricting the tumours. A majority of lung cancer radiation is often seen given externally, which simply means that the radiation is seen coming from the machine that lies outside the body. The process of radiation is generally used in combination with the surgery or both. However, this can be only used along with the surgery if not possible.
- Surgery: It is often used as the most preferred treatment choice for patients known to have with early stage of non small cell lung cancer. Ironically, a majority of the patients with advance level disease are not often the right candidate for this surgery. This procedure is also known as cryosurgery wherein the entire lobe or complete lung is removes, however, the extent of this removal would more depend upon the tumour size and its location.